High Blood Pressure

Some people may not know that they have high blood pressure, also called hypertension. Some may not know until they have a heart attack or stroke. The following information will explain what blood pressure is, how doctors know you have high blood pressure, and what happens if high blood pressure goes untreated.

Blood pressure is a measurement of the force of blood pressing against the walls of the arteries. Your blood pressure is measured with a blood pressure cuff in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) and is recorded with
two numbers. The top number, which is also the higher of the two numbers, measures the pressure in the arteries when the heartbeats (when the heart muscle contracts). The bottom number, which is also the lower of the two numbers, measures the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats (when the heart muscle is resting between beats and refilling with blood). 

For adults, normal blood pressure is considered to be below 120/80 mm Hg. Talk to your doctor about normal blood pressure and what is right for you.

High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when the blood traveling through your blood vessels pushes too hard against the walls of the arteries. Depending on your health, blood pressure measurement of over 120/80 mm Hg may be considered high.

The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several factors and conditions may play a role in its development, including:

  • Smoking
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Too much salt in the diet
  • Too much alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
  • Stress
  • Older age
  • Genetics
  • Family history of high blood pressure
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Adrenal and thyroid disorders

Lowering high blood pressure helps reduce the risk of certain heart-related problems such as stroke and heart attack. That's why getting your blood pressure checked regularly is very important. If you have high blood pressure, talk to your doctor about what treatment plan might be right for you.

517032-1996601 Last updated 6/13

Important Safety Information About TOPROL-XL

Because of the possibility of serious side effects, such as chest pain or a heart attack, you should not stop taking TOPROL-XL suddenly. If your doctor decides you should stop taking TOPROL-XL, you may be instructed to slowly reduce your dose over a period of time before stopping it completely.

TOPROL-XL may not be right for everyone, especially people who have the following health conditions:

  • Extreme slowing of the heart rate
  • Sudden and severe drop in blood pressure and blood flow through the body because the heart is not pumping normally
  • Uncontrolled heart failure
  • Slowdown of the heart’s electrical signal causing a slower heart rate
  • Damage to the heart’s natural pacemaker that affects the heart’s rhythm unless one has a pacemaker device
  • Any allergies to TOPROL-XL or its ingredients

It is important to take your medications every day as directed by your doctor.

Patients who have asthma or asthma-like lung disease should, in general, not take TOPROL-XL.

Your doctor may not want you to take TOPROL-XL if you are currently taking certain types of high blood pressure medicine, or have adrenal gland tumors, diabetes, low blood sugar, liver damage, overactive thyroid disease, or hardening of the arteries in the arms or legs.

Your doctor may not want you to start taking TOPROL-XL if you are about to have any type of surgery.

If you have a history of serious allergic reactions, the usual dose of epinephrine (adrenaline) may not work as well if you are taking TOPROL-XL.

Until you know how you will react to TOPROL-XL, avoid activities that require alertness.

Contact your doctor if you have any difficulty in breathing.

In patients with high blood pressure, the most common side effects were tiredness, dizziness, depression, diarrhea, itching or rash, shortness of breath, and slow heart rate. If you experience any of these or other side effects, contact your doctor.

Approved Use for TOPROL-XL

TOPROL-XL is approved for the treatment of high blood pressure. It may be used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It’s good for you to know more about your medical condition and the medicine you are taking for it, so talk to your doctor about high blood pressure and TOPROL-XL.

Click here for full Prescribing Information, including Boxed WARNING about suddenly stopping therapy with TOPROL-XL.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.FDA.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

flag

This site is intended for US customers only.

The information on this Web site should not take the place of talking with your doctor or health care professional. If you have any questions about your condition, or if you would like more information about your high blood pressure medicine, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Only you and your health care professional can decide which high blood pressure medicine is right for you.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA.

Visit www.FDA.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

<Links to http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/default.htm>

[US flag icon] This site is intended for US customers only.

The information on this Web site should not take the place of talking with your doctor or health care professional. If you have any questions about your condition, or if you would like more information about your high blood pressure medicine, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Only you and your health care professional can decide which high blood pressure medicine is right for you.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA.

Visit www.FDA.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

<Links to http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/default.htm>

[US flag icon] This site is intended for US customers only.

The information on this Web site should not take the place of talking with your doctor or health care professional. If you have any questions about your condition, or if you would like more information about your high blood pressure medicine, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Only you and your health care professional can decide which high blood pressure medicine is right for you.